There is increasing number of people who incorporate Japanese style ‘Wa’ into their life-styles. We hope that more people would also incorporate the Japanese silk material ‘Kire’ into their life-styles.
About ‘Kireji’ (Japanese Silk Fabric)
The Japanese silk fabric ‘Kireji’ used for picture mounts ‘Hyousou’ were originally made of Japanese court dresses. However, since the Meiji Era they have been newly woven to make the Japanese silk fabric ‘Hyousou Kireji’.
About the Kanji
In Japanese, different Kanji characters are often pronounced the same, but have different meanings.If you look up ‘Kire’ in the dictionary, it is written as , which nicely expresses the way in which the fabric is cut to make picture mounts (not the Kanji for rip). However, it is generally more common to use the Kanji (rip) to relate to the fabrics used in picture mounts.
Composition of fabrics
Fabrics are made by crossing over the vertical and horizontal strings using a loom. The three types of fabric, ‘Kinran’, ‘Donsu’ and ‘Muji’ are different in the ways these strings cross over. There are three principle patterns in these fabrics; ‘Hira-ori’ is the one which the vertical and horizontal strings cross over every other line, ‘Aya-ori’ is where more than three of the vertical and horizontal strings cross over each other, and ‘Byoushi-ori’ is where there is little cross over between the vertical and horizontal strings, and the minimum unit is at least five of each strings.
About ‘Meibutu-Gire’ (The Specialty Fabric)
The ‘Specialty Fabric’ (Meibutu-Gire) is originally from China, which is used to wrap specialty tea caddies ‘Chaire’ at tea ceremonies. The three types of ‘Kireji’ fabrics; ‘Kinran’, ‘Ginran’ and ‘Donsu’, were imported from China in the Muromachi Era, of the Ashikaga Yoshimitsu and Yoshimasa Period (14th Century). These fabrics were owned by tea ceremony performers, high priests, upper-class samurais and various other collectors. The best fabrics amongst them were coupled with tea ceremonies and later became the so-called eSpecialty Fabricf. These fabrics are principally named after shrines and temples, famous priests, feudal lords and tea ceremony performers or from scenes of ‘Noh’ performance where the fabrics were used for costumes. For example, the ‘Kinran’ fabric called ‘Futari-Shizuka’ is thought to be named after the dance performance given by the General Ashikaga Yoshimasa.